Employee Morale

Modern managers and personal administrators are greatly interested in fathoming and influencing the morale of the employees in such a way that it will contribute to the maximum effectiveness, growth and progress of the organization. Contemporary personnel administration is interested in designing programmes that help provide optimal employee morale.

Morale is purely emotional. It is an attitude of an employee towards his job, his superior and his organization. This may range from very high to very low. It is not a static thing but it changes depending on working conditions, superiors, fellow workers, pay and so on. When a particular employee has a favorable attitude towards his work, he is said to have high morale. In the organizational context, we usually talk of group morale as each person has an influence over the other’s morale.

Morale is a very widely used term. It generally refers to esprit de corps, a feeling of enthusiasm, zeal, confidence in individuals or groups that they will be able to cope of mind to work, environment and to his employer, and his willingness to strive for the goals set for him by the organization in which he is employed. Morale is synthesis of an employee’s diverse reactions to, and feelings for, his job, his working conditions, pay and so on. Feelings, emotions, sentiments, attitudes and motives- all these combine and lead to a particular type of behavior on the part of the individual or his group and this is what is referred to as employee or group morale.


• To find the level of employee morale in an organisation.

• To find the expectation of employees towards job, work environment and financial benefits.

• To know the interrelationship between supervisors and employees.

• To know about the safety and welfare measures provided to employees.

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