Environment factors-Effects on business

The different environmental factors that affect the business can be broadly categorized as internal ands has its own external factors.

INTERNAL FACTORS : Internal factors are those factors which exist within the premises of an organization and directly affects the different operations carried out in a business. These internal factors are :

  1. VALUE SYSTEM : It implies the culture and norms of the business. In other words, it means the regulatory framework of a business and every member of the organization has to act within the limits of this framework.


B. MISSIONS AND OBJECTIVES : Different priorities, policies and philosophies of a business is guided by the mission and objectives of a business.


C. FINANCIAL FACTORS : Financial factors like financial policies, financial position and capital structure also affects a business performance and its strategies.


D. INTERNAL RELATIONSHIP : Factors like the amount of support the top management enjoys from its shareholders, employees and the board of directors also affects the smooth functioning of a business.

The EXTERNAL FACTORS include all those factors which exists outside the firm and are often regarded as uncontrollable.. These external forces can further be categorized as MICRO ENVIRONMENT and MACRO ENVIRONMENT.
MICRO ENVIRONMENT includes the following factors.


1.SUPPLIERS : Suppliers are those people who are responsible for supplying necessary inputs to the organization and ensure the smooth flow of production.
2.COMPETITORS : Competitors can be called the close rivals and in order to survive the competition one has to keep a close look in the market and formulate its policies and strategies as such to face the competition.


3.MARKETING INTERMEDIARIES : Marketing intermediaries aid the company in promoting, selling and distribution of the goods and services to its final users. Therefore, marketing intermediaries are vital link between the business and the consumers.
MACRO ENVIRONMENT includes the following factors.
1.ECONOMIC FACTORS : Economic factors includes economic conditions and economic policies that together constitutes the economic environment. These includes growth rate, infation, restrictive trade practices etc. Which have a considerable immpact on the business.


2.SOCIAL FACTORS : Social factors includes the society as a whole alongside its preferences and priorities like the buying and consumption pattern, beliefs of people their purchasing power, educational background etc.
3.POLITICAL FACTORS : The political factors are related to the management of public affairsAnd their impact on the business. It is important to have a political stability to maintain stability in the trade.


4.TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS : Latest technologies helps in improving the marketablity of the product plus makes it more consumer friendly. Therefore, it is important for a business to keep a pace withv the changing technologies in order to survive in the long run.

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