Group decision making

a.       Group decision making is a situation faced when people are brought together to solve problems in the anticipation that they are more effective than individuals under the idea of synergy. But cohesive groups display risky behavior in decision making situations that led to the devotion of much effort, especially in the area of applied social sciences and other relevant fields of specialization.

b.      There are several aspects of group cohesion which have a negative effect on group decision making and hence on group effectiveness. Risky-shift phenomenon, group polarisation, and group-think are negative aspects of group decision making which have drawn attention.

c.       Group-think is one of the most dangerous traps in our decision making. It's particularly because it taps into our deep social identification mechanisms - everyone likes to feel part of a group - and our avoidance of social challenges. But consensus without conflict almost always means that other viewpoints are being ignored, and the consequences of group-think can be disastrous.

d.      Issues facing any work group concerning decision making are: how should decisions be made? Consensus? Voting? One-person rule? Secret ballot? Consideration of the various opinions of the different individuals and deciding what action a group should take might be of help.

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