regulatory frame work relating to mutual funds

The structure of mutual funds in India is guided by the SEBI. Regulations, 1996.These regulations make it mandatory for mutual fund to have three structures of sponsor trustee and asset Management Company. The sponsor of the mutual fund and appoints the trustees. The trustees are responsible to the investors in mutual fund and appoint the AMC for managing the investment portfolio. The AMC is the business face of the mutual fund, as it manages all the affairs of the mutual fund. The AMC and the mutual fund have to be registered with SEBI.


• As far as mutual funds are concerned, SEBI formulates policies and regulates the mutual funds to protect the interest of the investors.

• SEBI notified regulations for the mutual funds in 1993. Thereafter, mutual funds sponsored by private sector entities were allowed to enter the capital market.

• The regulations were fully revised in 1996 and have been amended thereafter from time to time.

• SEBI has also issued guidelines to the mutual funds from time to time to protect the interests of investors.

• All mutual funds whether promoted by public sector or private sector entities including those promoted by foreign entities are governed by the same set of Regulations. The risks associated with the schemes launched by the mutual funds sponsored by these entities are of similar type. There is no distinction in regulatory requirements for these mutual funds and all are subject to monitoring and inspections by SEBI.

• SEBI Regulations require that at least two thirds of the directors of trustee company or board of trustees must be independent i.e. they should not be associated with the sponsors.

• Also, 50% of the directors of AMC must be independent. All mutual funds are required to be registered with SEBI before they launch any scheme.

• Further SEBI Regulations, inter-alia, stipulate that MFs cannot guarantee returns in any scheme and that each scheme is subject to 20 : 25 condition

• Also SEBI has permitted MFs to launch schemes overseas subject various restrictions and also to launch schemes linked to Real Estate, Options and Futures, Commodities, etc.


With the increase in mutual fund players in India, a need for mutual fund association in India was generated to function as a non-profit organisation. Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI) was incorporated on 22nd August, 1995. AMFI is an apex body of all Asset Management Companies (AMC) which has been registered with Mutual Funds India has brought down the Indian Mutual Fund Industry to a professional SEBI. Till date all the AMCs are that have launched mutual fund schemes are its members. It functions under the supervision and guidelines of its Board of Directors.

The Objectives of Association of Mutual Funds in India:

•This mutual fund association of India maintains high professional and ethical standards in all areas of operation of the industry.

• It also recommends and promotes the top class business practices and code of conduct which is followed by members and related people engaged in the activities of mutual fund and asset management. The agencies who are by any means connected or involved in the field of capital markets and financial services also involved in this code of conduct of the association.

• AMFI interacts with SEBI and works according to SEBIs guidelines in the mutual fund industry.

• Association of Mutual Fund of India do represent the Government of India, the Reserve Bank of India and other related bodies on matters relating to the Mutual Fund Industry.

• It develops a team of well qualified and trained Agent distributors. It implements a programme of training and certification for all intermediaries and other engaged in the mutual fund industry.

• AMFI undertakes all India awareness programme for investors in order to promote proper understanding of the concept and working of mutual funds.

  At last but not the least association of mutual fund of India also disseminate information on Mutual Fund Industry and undertakes studies and research either directly or in association with other bodies.

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