CASH FLOW STATEMENT ANALYSIS

Cash is considered one of the vital sources of the firm to meet day to day financial commitments. The cash is considered to be as most important source of life blood of the business. The day to day financial commitments are met out only out of the available resources. The cash resources are availed through two different type of receipts viz. sales, dividends, interests known as regular receipts and sale of assets, investments known as irregular receipts of the business enterprise. To have smooth flow of business enterprise, it should have ample cash resources for its operations. The availability of cash resources is mainly depending on the cash inflows of the enterprises. The smoothness in operations of the enterprise is obtained through an appropriate matching of cash inflows and cash outflows.
To have smoothness in the operations of the enterprise, the firm should have an appropriate volume of cash resources at speedier rate as well as more than the financial commitments of the firm. This smoothness could be attained by way of an appropriate planning analysis on the cash resources of the firm. The meaningful analysis is only possible through cash
flow statement analysis which facilitates the firm to identify the possible sources of cash as well as the expenses and expenditures of the firm.
MEANING & MOTIVES OF CASH FLOW STATEMENT
The cash flow statement is being prepared on the basis of an extracted information of historical records of the enterprise. Cash flow statements can be prepared for a year, for six months , for quarterly and even for monthly. The cash includes not only means that cash in hand but also cash at bank. Motives of preparing the cash flow statement:
To identify the causes for the cash balance changes in between two different time
periods, with the help of corresponding two different balance sheets.
To enlist the factors of influence on the reduction of cash balance as well as to
indicate the reasons though the profit is earned during the year and vice versa.
UTILITY OF CASH FLOW STATEMENT
Utility of cash flow statements are as follows:
To identify the reasons for the reduction or increase in the cash balances irrespective
level of the profits earned by the firm.
It facilitates the management to maintain an appropriate level of cash resources.
It guides the management to take futuristic decisions on the prospective demands
and supply of cash resources through projected cash flows.
How much cash resources are required?
How much cash requirements could be internally settled?
How much cash resources are to be raised through external sources?
Which type of instruments are going to be floated for raising the required
resources?
It helps the management to understand its capacity at the moment of borrowing for
any further capital budgeting decisions.
It paves way for scientific cash management for the firm through maintenance of
an appropriate cash levels i-e optimum level cash of resources.
It avoids in holding excessive or inadequate cash resources through proper planning
of cash resources.
It moots control through identification of variations occurred in the cash expenses
and expenditures.
LET US SUM UP
The cash resources are availed through two different type of receipts viz sales, dividends, interests known as regular receipts and sale of assets , investments known as irregular receipts of the business enterprise. Cash flow statements can be prepared for a year, for six months , for quarterly and even for monthly The cash includes not only means that
cash in hand but also cash at bank

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