Medical benefit

Some of the large organisations provide medical benefits to their retired employees and their family members. This benefit creates a feeling of permanent attachment with the organisation to the employees even when they are no longer in service. Welfare and recreational benefits include: (a) canteens, (b) consumer societies, (c) credit societies, (d) housing, (e) legal aid, (f) employee counselling, (g) welfare organisations, (h) holidays homes, (i) educational facilities, (j) transportation, (k) parties and picnics and (l) miscellaneous.
i. Canteens: Perhaps no employee benefit has received as much attention in recent years as that of canteens. Some organisations have statutory obligation to provide such facilities as Section 46 of the Factories Act, 1948, imposes a statutory obligation to employers to provide canteens in factories employing more than 250 workers. Others have provided such facilities voluntarily. Foodstuffs are supplied at subsidised prices in these canteens. Some companies provide lunchrooms when canteen facilities are not available.
ii. Consumer stores: Most of the large organisations located far from the towns and which provide housing facilities near the organisation set up the consumer stores in the employees colonies and supply all the necessary goods at fair prices.
iii. Credit societies: The objective of setting up of these societies is to encourage thrift and provide loan facilities at reasonable terms and conditions, primarily to employees. Some organisations encourage employees to form cooperative credit societies with a view to fostering self-help rather than depending upon money lenders, whereas some organisations provide loans to employees directly.
iv. Housing: Of all the requirements of the workers, decent and cheap housing accommodation is of great significance. The problem of housing is one of the main causes for fatigue and worry among employees and this comes in the way of discharging their duties effectively. Most of the large factories organisations, e.g., sugar mills, are located very far from towns, at places where housing facilities are not available. Hence most of the organisations have built quarters nearer to factory and have thus provided cheap and decent housing facilities to their employees,
whilst a few organisations provide and/or arrange for housing loans to employees and encourage them to construct houses.
v. Legal aid: Organisations also provide assistance or aid regarding legal matters to employees as and when necessary through company lawyers or other lawyers.
vi. Employee counselling: Organisations provide counselling service to the employee regarding their personal problems through professional counsellors. Employee counselling reduces absenteeism, turnover, tardiness, etc.
vii. Welfare organisations, welfare officers: Some large organisations set up welfare organisations with a view to provide all types of welfare facilities at one centre and appoint welfare officers to provide the welfare benefits continuously and effectively to all employees fairly.
viii. Holiday homes: As a measure of staff welfare and in pursuance of government’s policy, a few large organisations established holiday homes at a number of hill stations, health resorts and other centres with low charges of accommodation, so as to encourage employees to use this facility for rest and recuperations in a salubrious environment.
ix. Educational facilities: Organisations provide educational facilities not only to the employees but also to their family members. Educational facilities include reimbursement of tution fees, setting up of schools, colleges, hostels, providing grants-in-aid to the other schools where a considerable number of students are from the children of employees. Further, the organisations provide rooms and libraries for the benefit of employees.
x. Transportation: Many large Companies provide conveyance facilities to employees, from their residence to the place of work and back, as most industries are located outside town and all employees may not get quarter facility.
xi. Parties and picnics: Companies provide these facilities with a view to inculcating
a sense of association, belongingness, openness and freedom among employees.
These activities help employees to understand others better.
xii. Miscellaneous: Organisations provide other benefits like organising games, sports with awards, setting up of clubs, community service activities, Christmas gifts, Diwali, Pongal and Pooja gifts, birthday

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