STATUTORY WELFARE PROVISIONS IN INDIA

These are amenities that are necessary to be provided to the employees under different labour legislations. The important legislations which call for these welfare provisions include The Factories Act, 1948, the Plantation Labour Act, 1951, Mines Act, 1952, Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961, and the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970.
The Factories Act, 1948
The Act covers areas including health, welfare, safety, working hours, annual leave with wages and employment of women and children.
The Act is applicable to premises including precincts thereof where ten or more workers Benefit and Services are employed with the aid of power, or where 20 or more workers are employed without power.
The welfare amenities provided under the act include:
1. Washing facilities. (Sec. 42)
2. Facilities for storing and dry clothing. (Sec. 43)
3. Sitting facilities for occasional rest for workers who are obliged to work standing. (Sec. 44)
4. First-aid boxes for cup boards - one for every 150 workers, and ambulance facilities if there are more than 500 workers. (Sec. 45)
5. Canteens if employing more than 250 workers. (Sec. 46)
6. Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms, if employing over 150 workers. (Sec. 47)
7. Crèche, if employing more than 30 women. (Sec. 48)
8. Welfare officer, if employing more than 500 workers. (Sec. 49)
The Mines Act, 1952
The mine owners should make provisions for:
1. Maintenance of crèches where 50 or more women workers are employed.
2. Shelters for taking food and rest if 150 or more workers are employed.
3. A canteen in mines employing 250 or more workers.
4. Maintenance of first-aid boxes and first-aid rooms in mines employing more than 150 workers. (Sec. 21)
5. (i) Pit-head baths equipped with shower baths, (ii) sanitary latrines, and (iii) lockers,
separately for men and women workers. (Sec. 58 e)
6. Appointment of welfare officer in mines employing more than 500 persons to look
after the matters relating to the welfare of the workers.
The Plantation Labour Act, 1951
The following welfare measures are to be provided to the plantation workers:
1. A canteen in plantations employing 150 or more workers. (Sec. 11(1))
2. Crèche in plantations employing 50 or more women workers. (Sec. 12)
3. Recreational facilities for the workers and their children. (Sec. 13)
4. Educational arrangements in the estate for the children of workers, where there
are 25 workers' children between the age of 6 and 12. (Sec. 14)
5. Housing facilities for every worker and his family residing on the plantation. The standards and specifications of the accommodation, procedure for allotment and rent chargeable from workers etc. , are to be prescribed in the rules by the State Government. (Sec. 15)
6. Medical aid to workers and their families. The workers are also entitled, subject to any rules framed by the State Governments, to sickness allowance and maternity allowance.
7. The State Government may make rules requiring every plantation employer to provide the workers with such number and type of umbrellas, blankets, raincoats,or other such amenities for protection from rain or cold as may be prescribed.
The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961
The motor transport undertakings are required to make the following provisions in the
areas of health and welfare:
1. Canteens of prescribed standard, if employing 100 or more workers. (Sec. 8)
2. Clean, ventilated, well-lighted and comfortable rest rooms at every place where
motor transport workers are required to halt at night. (Sec. 9)
3. Uniforms, raincoats to drivers, conductors and line checkers for protection against rain and cold. A prescribed amount of washing allowance is to be given to the above-mentioned categories of staff. (Sec. 10)
4. Medical facilities are to be provided to the motor transport workers at the operating centres and at halting station as may be prescribed by the State Governments. (Sec. 11)
5. First-aid facilities equipped with the prescribed contents are to be provided in every
transport vehicle. (Sec. 12)


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